A neurosurgeon specializes in treating brain and neurological system disorders. It includes the spinal cord, blood vessels, nerves, and muscles. The conditions that neurosurgeons diagnose and treat can range from seizure disorders, birth defects, stroke, back difficulties, brain and spine cancers, traumas, etc. Neurosurgeons operate on the back, neck, brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves to treat neurological issues.
How does a neurosurgeon evaluate a patient?
Neurosurgeons specialize in the prevention and treatment of brain and nervous system diseases, as well as the reduction of neurological handicaps. They are also known as neurological surgeons, spinal cord surgeons, and brain surgeons. Generally, a neurosurgeon will:
- Review the medical health history of the patient.
- Educate a patient on the brain and nervous system health and disease prevention.
- Conduct physical exams such as monitoring blood pressure, vitals, and the condition of the brain and nervous system.
- Treat and diagnose patients with both acute and chronic brain and nerve system diseases.
- Schedule, evaluate, and recommend laboratory and imaging tests and medications.
- Detect signs of severe brain and nervous system conditions— head injuries susceptible to chronic headaches and even long-term memory loss.
- Undertake diagnostic tests and surgical intervention, including brain cancer surgery and back pain surgery.
- Work together with your general practitioner and other specialist doctors (if any) to deliver the best possible care.
What Disorders/ Diseases Do Neurosurgeons Treat?
Neurosurgeons treat a wide range of disorders and symptoms that involve the spinal cord, brain, spine, and peripheral nerves. Most neurosurgeons’ practice comprises of treating patients with spinal problems, as they are more prevalent over neuropsychiatric disorders.
Although most neurosurgeons are capable of managing patients with routine spinal problems such as herniated disc and spinal stenosis, some neurosurgeons further specialize by receiving additional training in a spine fellowship. This additional training has allowed many neurosurgeons to be able to address more complex spinal disorders such as spinal deformities and tumors.
While most neurosurgeons are qualified to treat patients with common spinal issues including ruptured discs and spinal stenosis, some neurosurgeons specialize further by completing a spine fellowship. Many neurosurgeons have been able to manage more difficult spinal problems such as malformations and tumors as a result of acquiring the additional advanced skills. Neurosurgeons frequently collaborate with referral clinicians such as primary care physicians, emergency department doctors, neurologists, internists, and general physicians when treating patients with spinal diseases.
What operations and treatments do neurosurgeons perform?
Neurosurgeons perform back and neck surgery, including—
- Cerebral angiography to examine blood vessels in the brain for anomalies like aneurysms and diseases like atherosclerosis. The procedure involves using a catheter, x-ray imaging, and the injection of contrast material- plaque.
- Lumbar fusion, laminectomy, spinal fusion, laminoplasty, discectomy, laminotomy, and vertebroplasty.
- Lumbar puncture or spinal tap to screen for infections and detect disorders such as hydrocephalus, spinal cord tumors, and multiple sclerosis.
- Nervous system biopsy where a tissue sample is taken to detect/ diagnose for cancer and other illnesses.
- Gamma Knife surgery to treat certain types of brain cancers/tumors.
- Pain management surgery— deep brain stimulation, spinal cord stimulation, and carpal tunnel release.
- Vascular surgery for releasing clogged arteries in the neck and enhancing blood flow to the brain. The treatment procedure may include brain aneurysm repair and carotid endarterectomy or carotid artery surgery.
- Epilepsy treatment— lobectomy, deep brain stimulation, and vagus nerve stimulation.
When should you schedule an appointment with a neurosurgeon?
If you develop any of the following brain or nervous system symptoms or disorders that are not improving with treatments from your primary care doctor, you should consult a neurosurgeon in the following cases:
- Facing challenges with balance, coordination, muscular control, memory, speech, or decision-making.
- Experiencing weakness, headaches, dizziness, or vertigo.
If you’re in any of the following scenarios, you should visit a neurosurgeon:
- Your general physician detects a problem that requires additional investigation, such as a brain mass seen on a CT scan of the head.
- You have a condition or disease of the brain or neurological systems such as seizures or restricted mobility that necessitates continual monitoring and specialized care.
- You require specific brain or nervous system testing or treatments, including discography, cerebral angiography, or an EEG (electroencephalogram)
Best Brain Specialist Neurosurgeon in Adelaide
If you’re not sure where to find the best brain specialist neurosurgeon centers in Adelaide, your primary care doctor who recommended the surgery is a great place to start. However, as a patient, play your part— once you find a surgeon you like, give yourself a few days to think and research before rushing into a surgery. You want a surgeon who has done the treatment so many times that they are incredibly comfortable with it. Remember— credible surgeons have already performed the procedure you require many times before and will continue to do so in the future!
To know more about neurosurgical treatments in Adelaide, visit www.neurosurgerycentre.com.